Threshold Signature Scheme in Self Chain

Self Chain enhances asset management with TSS, merging advanced security and user simplicity.

Threshold Signature Scheme in Self Chain

Navigating the blockchain world requires not just innovation, but a strong focus on security and efficiency—key elements at the heart of the Threshold Signature Scheme (TSS) integrated into Self Chain. Let's dive into how TSS reshapes the management of digital assets, making it safer and smoother for every user.

What is a Threshold Signature Scheme (TSS)?

TSS is a cryptographic method where a group of parties can jointly generate a single digital signature. This signature is valid only if a subset of the parties, called the threshold, collaborates. TSS is rooted in Multi-party Computation (MPC), allowing participants to compute a function over their inputs while keeping those inputs private.

Understanding Shamir's Secret Sharing Scheme (SSS)

Shamir's Secret Sharing (SSS) is a foundational cryptographic formula that divides a secret, such as a private key, into multiple parts. Each participant holds a piece, and only by combining a certain number of these parts can the original secret be reconstructed.

TSS vs. SSS: A Comparative Look

While both TSS and SSS distribute a secret among multiple holders, they differ significantly:

  • Key Generation: SSS has a dealer that distributes key parts, whereas, in TSS, the key generation process is decentralized, without a single point of authority.
  • Signing: SSS requires assembling the secret for signing, creating a vulnerability at each signature event. TSS, on the other hand, allows distributed signing without ever piecing the secret together.

While TSS and SSS each offer unique approaches to secret distribution, it's crucial to appreciate that the true value of technology lies in its application. Recognizing this, we've chosen to leverage the distinct advantages of TSS within Self Chain. This integration not only aligns with our mission to streamline digital asset management but also exemplifies our commitment to building an Intent-Centric Access Layer1 and keyless wallet infrastructure, optimizing technology to suit its most effective use case.

TSS in Self Chain MPC Keyless Wallets

Self Chain integrates TSS within its MPC Keyless Wallets framework to simplify asset management. The process is as follows:

Distributed Key Management
In Self Chain's MPC wallets, the principle of distributing trust is paramount. Key management exemplifies this by segmenting the private key into multiple shares:

  • Personal Share: Held on the user's device, the personal share is akin to a piece of a complex puzzle. It represents a portion of the control over the user's assets, maintaining the user's autonomy and security.
  • Remote Share: Self Chain holds a corresponding share, acting as a co-guardian of the user’s assets. This remote share collaborates with the personal share to authorize transactions securely.
  • Recovery Share: A secured cloud environment safeguards an additional recovery share. This share is crucial for asset recovery, ensuring users can regain access to their assets even if their personal device is compromised or lost.

Simplified User Experience
The traditional complexities of managing private keys are transformed into a seamless experience:

  • Collective Signing: Through the TSS mechanism, the signing process for transactions is a cooperative effort between the user's device and Self Chain. This not only simplifies the process for users, as they don't have to juggle multiple keys but also ensures transactions remain secure and tamper-proof.
  • User Autonomy Maintained: Users initiate transactions with their personal share on their device, maintaining control and privacy over their actions within the blockchain network.

Enhanced Recovery Solutions
Asset recovery is a critical aspect of digital asset management, and Self Chain's solution is both secure and user-friendly:

  • Robust Recovery: Should a user's device be lost or compromised, the secured cloud recovery share and Self Chain’s remote share can be employed to reconstruct the user's signing capability, without exposing individual share information.
  • Balanced Security: The recovery process is designed to thwart unauthorized access. It requires specific user-authenticated actions to activate, thus preventing potential security breaches.


As we navigate the blockchain's future, Self Chain's embrace of Threshold Signature Scheme (TSS) stands as a beacon of innovation, offering enhanced security and simplicity in managing digital assets. This leap forward ensures users experience unmatched ease and control, setting new industry standards. With TSS, Self Chain is redefining asset management, proving that advanced security can go hand-in-hand with a seamless user experience. Join us in shaping a safer, more user-friendly blockchain era with Self Chain at the helm.

About Self Chain

Self Chain is the first Modular Intent-Centric Access Layer1 blockchain and keyless wallet infrastructure service using MPC-TSS/AA for multi-chain Web3 access. The innovative system simplifies the user experience with its intent-focused approach, using LLM to interpret user intent and discover the most efficient paths.

Self Chain ensures that onboarding and recovery are effortless with keyless wallets that grant users complete self-custody over their assets. In addition, it provides automated rewards to dApps when they efficiently resolve user intent, further enhancing the user experience. Moreover, Self Chain incorporates Account Abstraction with MPC-TSS to provide secure signing and reduce transaction fees. It's a platform that redefines blockchain interaction, making it more secure and user-friendly for everyone.

In a world where blockchain technology is becoming increasingly essential, the user experience remains a critical factor in its adoption. Intents and Keyless Wallets are set to transform the landscape, making blockchain interactions more accessible, efficient, and secure. As we move forward, the blockchain industry has the opportunity to provide users with a seamless and enjoyable experience, unlocking the full potential of this groundbreaking technology.

X | Website | Blog | Docs | Discord | Telegram

Subscribe to Self Chain Blog

Don’t miss out on the latest issues. Sign up now to get access to the library of members-only issues.